Module 12 : Food labelling guidelines to be followed by Food Business Operators of “Edible Oils & Fats”, “Permitted Food Colors” and “Irradiated Food”

The specific requirements and restrictions regarding labelling of packages of edible oils and fats are as given below :-

1. The words like ,“Super-Refined”, “Extra-Refined”, “Micro-Refined”, “Double-Refined”, Ultra-Refined”, “Anti-Cholesterol”, “Cholesterol Fighter”, “Soothing to Heart”, “Cholesterol Friendly”, “Saturated Fat Free” or any other words which are an exaggeration of the quality of the Product ,are not allowed to be used on the package, label or the advertisement of edible oils and fats .

2. The containers of solvent-extracted oil packed for sale shall bear the following additional label declaration;

(i) If the oil is not conforming to the standards of “refined” solvent extracted oils specified in regulation 2.2.6 (1) of Food Safety and Standards (Food Products Standards and Food Additive) Regulation, 2011 for Edible vegetable oil/Vanaspati, then a declaration as given below shall be given on the label .

Specific Labelling Requirements of edible oils and fats

                                                                             Specific Labelling Requirements of edible oils and fats


(ii) If the oil is complying with the requirements for the “semi-refined” or “raw-grade 1” grades of oil specified in regulation 2.2.6 (1) of Food Safety and Standards(Food Products standards and Food Additive) Regulation, 2011, then a declaration as given below shall be given on the label


3. Every container of solvent shall bear the Indian Standards Institution certification mark.

4. (i) The containers of vanaspati, margarine, bakery shortening, blended edible vegetable oils, mixed fat spread and refined vegetable oil in addition to other labelling requirements shall bear the following label declaration .

“free from Argemone Oil”

(ii) The regulation has specified that edible vegetable oils, fats which include hydrogenated vegetable oils, packages & processed food items with known shelf life, have to mention ‘the minimum percentage of trans fat content & saturated fat content by weight’. Similarly, in case of trans fatty acids & saturated fatty acids, the declaration has to be there on the label with percentage by weight.

5. The containers of refined vegetable oil shall bear the following label, declaration,—

Refined (name of the Oil) Oil

The container of imported edible oil shall also bear the word, “Imported”, as prefix.

6. The packages containing an admixture of palmolein with groundnut oil shall carry the following label declaration —


Palmolein……per cent

Groundnut oil….per cent

7. The packages containing an admixture of imported rape-seed oil with mustard oil, shall bear the following label, declaration:


Imported rape-seed oil…..per cent

Mustard oil…….per cent

8. Tha packages of vanaspati made from more than 30 percent of Rice bran oil shall bear the following label declaration :—

This package of vanaspati is made from more than 30% Rice bran oil by weight

9. The package of Fat Spread shall bear the following label declaration:—

(i) Milk Fat Spread

Use before …………..

Date of packing …………

Total Milk Fat Content Per cent by weight…………

(ii) Mixed Fat Spread

Use before …………..

Date of packing …………

Total Milk Fat Content Percent by weight……

(iii) Vegetable Fat Spread

Use before …………..

Date of packing …………

Total Fat Content Per cent by weight ……

10. A package containing annatto colour in vegetable oils shall bear the following label namely :—

Annatto colour in oil (Name of oil/oils) used

11. The package containing an admixture of edible oils shall bear the following label declaration:—
This blended edible vegetable oil contains an admixture of :

(i) ……………….% by Weight

(ii) …………….% by Weight

(Name and nature of edible vegetable oils i.e. in raw or refined form)

Date of Packing ————–


12.2 Labelling of permitted food colours

1. The containers of permitted synthetic food colours shall bear the following label declaration :—

(i) “Food Colours”;

(ii) the chemical and the common name and colour index of the dye-stuff.

2. The containers mixture of permitted synthetic food colours shall bear the following label declaration :—

(i) “Food Colour Mixture”;

(ii) the chemical and the common name and colour index of the dye stuff contained in the mixture.

3. The containers of preparations of permitted synthetic food colours shall bear the following label declaration :—

(i) “Food Colour Preparation”;

(ii) the name of the ingredients used in the preparation.

12.3 Labelling of irradiated Food

Irradiated foods.-

All packages of irradiated food shall bear the following declaration and logo :—



LICENSE NO of Irradiation Unit……………………


Edible oils have always been a lucrative product segment by the producers of cooking oil but regulatory is very tough on food business operators of edible oils in case the consumer is misguided on the factual information of such products on labels.


Module 11 : Specific Requirements and Manner of Labelling of Infant Milk Substitute and Infant Foods

                                                                                     In the earlier articles we have been discussing the general requirements of labeling and the information in general to be given on the label of any package of food. In addition to the general requirements and information, there are also some specific requirements and information, which are product specific and mandatory to be given on the label on the packages of food products. 

                                Specific Requirements and Manner of Labelling of Infant Milk

                                                                   Specific Requirements and Manner of Labelling of Infant Milk 
The packages of food products like:
(i) Infant Milk Substitute and Infant foods including Infant Milk Substitute meant for premature baby or meant for babies who are allergic to milk proteins or allergic to milk sugars
(ii) Edible oils and fats
(iii)Irradiated foods and
(iv) Other Food Products namely ; Coffee-Chicory Mixture, milk and milk powder, Compounded Asafetida, Mixed Masala, Iodised salt, Pan masala , Supari ,
Packaged drinking water and many others , are required to give certain product specific information , statements or warnings, which are as given below :- 
1. Infant milk substitutes /infant foods
The container of infant milk substitute or infant food shall bear the following additional label declaration in the manner give below:
(This declaration shall be given in the center of the label in color contrast of the label and the letter shall be not less than five millimeters .)
“Infant food shall be introduced only after the age of six months and upto the age of two years”
“ Infant milk substitute or infant food should be used only on the advice of a health worker “
Warning :” Infant milk substitute or infant food is not the sole source of nourishment of an infant”
Instruction for appropriate and hygienic preparation including cleaning of utensils, bottles and teats .

Wholesale food markets to face random periodic checks by FSSAI

                                                                                                     Wholesale vegetable and fruit markets, as well as beverage manufacturers, are soon going to face random periodic checks from the Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI). While planning to focus more on surveillance and sampling, the Authority has constituted a panel to perform inspections on a regular basis, officials said.
“We are soon going to conduct regular inspections of vegetable and fruit markets, as well as of facilities that manufacture fruit-based beverages. Surveillance through sampling is going to be a major area of focus for FSSAI in the near future and we have already started taking steps to facilitate this,” FSSAI Chief Executive Officer Dillip Kumar Samantaray told Business Standard.
In a meeting earlier this month, the Central Advisory Committee (CAC) of FSSAI also constituted a surveillance committee to formulate guidelines and detail a framework to carry on these inspections activities, another official said. FSSAI is the regulatory agency to monitor quality of food items, including imported products sold in the country.
The move comes in the wake of a Supreme Court order of last October voicing serious concerns over the harmful effects of carbonated drinks on the health of people. The apex court had asked FSSAI to monitor all manufacturing facilities of carbonated drinks, as well as major fruits and vegetable markets, to keep a tab on presence of pesticide residues in food products.
According to Samantaray, if manufacturing facilities or products sold in markets are found short on compliance, companies can face a hefty penalty under the Food Safety and Standards Act. “In extreme cases, if found guilty, they can also face tough actions, including prosecution,” he said.
The panel formed for creating the surveillance framework is expected to give its report within a month, the official said. The report would primarily streamline criterion and processes for these checks. Once the framework is in place, the regulator would start inspections.
While some of the inspections would be carried by the central regulatory agency, it would also be assisted significantly by state level food safety officers. Various state food safety commissioners are also part of the surveillance committee constituted by FSSAI’s CAC.
The SC had also directed FSSAI to evaluate the harmful effects of soft drinks on human health and to ensure that all beverages have labels detailing their ingredients, including levels of added chemicals.

சவுகார்பேட்டையில் குடோனில் பதுக்கி வைத்திருந்த 3 லட்சம் குட்கா பறிமுதல்

தண்டையார்பேட்டை, மார்ச் 31:
                                                                                                         சவுகார்பேட்டையில், குடோனில் பதுக்கி வைத்தி ருந்த  3 லட்சம் குட்கா பொருட்களை அதிகாரிகள் பறிமுதல் செய்தனர்.
சவுகார்பேட்டையில் உள்ள சில குடோன்களில், தமிழக அரசால் தடை செய்யப்பட்ட பான்பராக், ஹான்ஸ் உள்ளிட்ட குட்கா பொருட்கள் பதுக்கி வைத்து, விற்பனை செய்வ தாக, சென்னை மாவட்ட உணவு பாதுகாப்பு அதிகா ரிகளுக்கு தகவல் கிடைத் தது.
அதன்பேரில், அலுவ லர் லட்சுமி நாராயணன் தலைமையில், ஆய்வாளர் கள் இளங்கோ, சிவசங்கரன், சதாசிவம் ஆகியோர் நேற்று முன்தினம் அப் பகுதியில் உள்ள குடோன் களில் திடீர் சோதனை நடத்தினர். அப்போது, ஒரு குடோனில் 580 கிலோ எடையுள்ள குட்கா பொருட்கள் பதுக்கி வைக்கப்பட்டு இருந்தது தெரிந்தது. அவற்றை அதிகாரிகள் பறிமுதல் செய்தனர். அவற்றின் மதிப்பு, 3 லட்சம் என கூறப்படுகிறது. இதுதொடர் பாக, குடோனில் இருந்த ஆறுமுகம் (35), ரியாஸ் (32) ஆகியோரை கைது செய்து, குட்கா பொருட்கள் எங்கிருந்து வந்தது. குடோன் உரிமையாளர் யார், எங்கெங்கு சப்ளை செய்யப்படுகிறது என தீவிரமாக விசாரிக்கின் றனர்.

Organic’ vegetables come under lens

                                                                                             The agriculture department will be extending its scheme of production and marketing of safe-to-eat vegetables through government outlets to more districts. The scheme, launched in association with Kerala Agriculture University last year, also envisages ensuring that vegetables and fruits being sold under the organic brand are pesticide-free.
The department will be collecting samples from parts of the state and testing them at the pesticide residue research and analytical laboratory of the university. The decision follows the detection of pesticide residue in nearly a dozen organic produce being sold at three shops selling organic vegetables and fruits in Thiruvananthapuram.
The pesticide residue research & analytical laboratory had conducted tests on 81 samples of 28 types of vegetables collected from these shops from July 1 to September 30 last year. Pesticide residues above the permissible levels set by Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI) and European Union (EU) were found in seven types of vegetables — coriander leaves, snake gourd, curry leaves, green chilli, okra, big chilli (sambar mulagu) and vegetable cowpea. The tests had also found pesticide residues in carrot, drumstick and beetroot. Only 46 samples of 18 vegetable varieties were found safe to eat.
Thomas Biju Mathew, professor (entomology), pesticide residue research and analytical laboratory said the highest volume of pesticide residues were found in curry leaf. “Residues of pesticides like malathion, chlorpyriphos, quinalphos, ethion, profenophos and cypermethrin were found in them, and that too above the permissible limit. Profenophos was found at a higher level in coriander leaf, ladies fingers, big chilli and green chilli,” he said.
“A scientific study on daily consumption of such vegetables is yet to be conducted but they are definitely harmful,” Mathew said. “We have decided to collect 200 samples a month to conduct tests, which will be double the samples collected now. The tests will also be extended to fruits, processed food products and spices this year.”
The officials of the lab have already collected samples of organic vegetables from Kozhikode city.
The agriculture department will be collecting samples of organic vegetables from Ernakulam, Kottayam, Palakkad and Alappuzha in the coming days.

European Food Safety Authority Addresses Pathogen Risks of Leafy Greens

                                                                                          The European Food Safety Authority’s Panel on Biological Hazards has issued the first of five scientific opinions requested by the European Commission. The first one, published Thursday, addresses the public health risk posed by Salmonella and norovirus on leafy greens eaten raw as salads.

The panel considered risk factors along the whole food chain, including agricultural production and processing. Members concluded that, while each farm environment is different, the primary objectives for producers should include good agricultural practices (GAP), good hygiene practices (GHP) and good manufacturing practices.

However, the panel also noted that “the current legal framework does not include microbiological criteria applicable at primary production which will validate and verify GAP and GHP. It is proposed to define a criterion at primary production of leafy greens which is designated as Hygiene Criterion, and E. coli was identified as suitable for this purpose.”

Panel members further stated that studies “on the prevalence and infectivity of norovirus are limited, and quantitative data on viral load are scarce, making establishment of microbiological criteria for norovirus on leafy greens difficult.”

Main risk factors cited were: environmental factors such as proximity to animal-rearing operations, heavy rainfall causing floods, contact with domestic or wild animal reservoirs, use of untreated or insufficiently treated manure or compost, use of contaminated agricultural water for irrigation or pesticide treatments, and harvest and post-harvest on-farm cross-contamination by food handlers and equipment.

“For both Salmonella and norovirus, processes at primary production which wet the edible portions of the crop represent the highest risk and these include spraying prior to harvest, direct application of fertilizers, pesticides and other agricultural chemicals and overhead irrigation. Subsurface or drip irrigation which results in no wetting of the edible portions of the plants are of lower risk,” the panel’s opinion stated.

Within the scope of the panel’s opinion were leafy greens eaten raw and minimally processed. 

“Technologies currently available for use by the leafy greens industry fall short of being able to guarantee an absence of Salmonella or norovirus on leafy greens at primary production,” the panel stated.

Seattle Smoked Seafood Manufacturer Closed by FDA

                                                                                           The U.S. Food and Drug Administration recently ordered Jensen’s Old Fashioned Smokehouse Inc., a processor of smoked fish products in Seattle, Washington, to stop processing, preparing, packing, holding and distributing any food at or from its facility.

Jensen’s processes smoked fish products and distributes or sells them in its retail store, online and through other businesses in Washington, Oregon and California.

According to an agency statement issued Friday, the order follows the FDA’s analysis of environmental samples collected during its most recent inspection of the company’s facility, which confirmed the presence of Listeria monocytogenes in the facility, including in food processing and storage areas. These findings led the FDA to order the company to cease operations in accordance with a 2001 consent decree.

Jensen’s Old Fashioned Smokehouse is subject to a consent decree of permanent injunction, which was entered by the United States District Court for the Western District of Washington in 2001. Under the terms of the consent decree, the company agreed to comply with requirements to control food safety hazards and ensure that its products are not adulterated.

Jensen’s must meet several requirements in order to reopen, including thoroughly cleaning and sanitizing the facility and hiring an expert to develop a Sanitation Standard Operation Procedure and an environmental microbial monitoring program for Listeria. Jensen’s must also test representative samples of all vacuum-packaged smoked fishery products on hand at the company for Listeria and provide the results to the FDA.

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