Are proteins required in fortified food? What does FSSAI say?
Proteins are essential nutrients for the human body, and are one of the building blocks of the body that can also serve as a fuel source. As a fuel, proteins contain 4 kcal per gram of energy, which is the same as carbohydrates, but unlike lipids, which contain 9 kcal per gram. Proteins are made up of amino acids, which are the basic building blocks of proteins.
Proteins are made up of long polymer chains of amino acids linked together by peptide bonds. During human digestion, proteins are broken down in the stomach to smaller polypeptide chains by the stomach hydrochloric acid and protease enzymes. This is crucial for the breakdown of proteins supplied in the diet to generate the essential amino acids, which cannot be synthesized in the body. There are a total of 20 amino acids, of which 9 are essential and 11 are non-essential. The Essential and Non-essential amino acids are tabulated below.
Table 1: Amino acids – the building blocks of proteins
IN THE HIGH COURT OF JUDICATURE AT MADRAS DATED : 23.04.2015 CORAM THE HONOURABLE MR.JUSTICE P.N.PRAKASH Crl.OP No.10248 of 2015 BAKTHAVATCHALAM [ PETITIONER ] Vs THE INSPECTOR OF POLICE F2 EGMORE POLICE STATION CHENNAI. [RESPONDENT] Prayer:- Criminal Original Petition filed under Section 482 Cr.P.C., to grant directiondirecting the respondent to enquiry into matter and take appropriate action against Imperial Agency at Hotel Imperial Complex at No.14 Whannels Road Egmore Chennai Complaint dated 28/10/2014. For Petitioner :Mr.A.K.M.Samsunihar For Respondent :Mr.C.Emalias, Additional Public Prosecutor ORDER
This Criminal Original Petition is filed to direct the respondent to enquiry into matter and take appropriate action against imperial Agency at Hotel Imperial Complex at No.14 Whannels Road Egmore, Chennai on the complaint dated 28/10/2014.
2. Heard the learned counsel for the petitioner and the learned Additional Public Prosecutor appearing for the respondent. P.N.PRAKASH,J rg
3. It is alleged by the petitioner that in the beverages supplied by the opposite party, insects are floating. In this regard, a complaint has been lodged before the respondent police on 28.10.2014, who has given CSR No.45 of 2014.
4. The petitioner is directed to give a complaint in this regard to the Food Safety Officer under the Food Safety and Standards Act, 2006. On such a complaint being filed by the petitioner, the authorities are directed to take appropriate action in accordance with law. With the above direction, this Criminal Original Petition is closed.
23.04.2015 rg To
1. THE INSPECTOR OF POLICE F2 EGMORE POLICE STATION CHENNAI.
2. THE PUBLIC PROSECUTOR HIGH COURT, MADRAS Crl.OP No.10248 of 2015
IN THE HIGH COURT OF JUDICATURE AT PATNA Criminal Miscellaneous No.5778 of 2013 ====================================================== Madhu Sudan Prasad, S/O Jhagaru Prasad, Resident Of Village- Paharpur, P.S- Chandi, District- Nalanda. .... ....Petitioner/s Versus The State Of Bihar .... .... Opposite Party/s ====================================================== Appearance : For the Petitioner/s : Mr. Umesh Kumar singh, Advocate. For the Opposite Party/s : Mr.Mayanand Jha, A.P.P. ====================================================== CORAM: HONOURABLE MR. JUSTICE SHIVAJI PANDEY ORAL ORDER
3 17-07-2013 Heard learned counsel for the petitioner and learned counsel for the State.
This application has been filed for quashing the order dated 18.1.2013 passed in Special Case No.10A of 2012 by the Additional Sessions Judge, Special Court under Food safety Act, Patna by which he has rejected the prayer of the petitioner to release 25 tins of Ghee seized in connection with Fatuha P.S. Case No.275 of 2012 registered under Sections 272, 273 of the Indian Penal Code and 31 of the Food Safety and Standard Act.
An F.I.R. was instituted against the petitioner stating therein that on a Tempo bearing registration no. BR 1 PA- 1735 Ghee was carrying which was intercepted and it was found that the Ghee was below standard. The Sample was sent to Forensic Science Laboratory. It has reported that Ghee is of sub-standard.
Learned counsel for the petitioner submits that there is no such report that Ghee is not fit for human consumption. He has further submitted that he would like to file an appropriate application before the Additional Collector, Revenue who has been appointed as competent authority under the Food Safety and Standard Act.
This Court is not giving any opinion with regard to merit of the case and not interfering with the order of the court below. If any such application is filed the authority concerned will examine the matter and will pass the order in accordance with law.
With the aforesaid observation and direction this application is disposed of.
(Shivaji Pandey, J)
Hours after Mary Beth Dewitt ate two scoops of brown butter brittle and goat cheese cherry ice cream on April 18, she felt terribly ill.
“I was so sick on Sunday (April 19) I could not even get to the emergency room,” said Dewitt, 68, who lives on Little Oak Island.
At first, she thought she’d contracted some severe stomach virus. Doctors at an urgent care center on Folly Road administered two bags of intravenous fluid on that Monday because Dewitt was so dehydrated.
“I had no idea,” she said. “The doctor even said, ‘Do you think it could have been something you ate?’”
That seemed unlikely, she said, until her daughter called her late last week with news that Jeni’s Splendid Ice Creams on King Street had abruptly closed last Thursday because its products were potentially tainted with listeria. That’s where Dewitt had eaten the ice cream.
“That’s the only thing it could have been. Can I prove it? No. But I know it’s the ice cream,” she said. “It took me a full week to get over this. Actually, my appetite has not come back. I cannot eat what I could usually eat. I just don’t want any food.”
Dewitt didn’t get a lab test to confirm her suspicions and it’s too late now to definitely say what made her sick, but the case highlights how eating out — even eating manufactured food products at home — is inherently risky. The federal government and the state health department try to minimize the threat of foodborne illness outbreaks by setting safety standards and conducting random inspections, but food manufacturers are largely responsible for making sure the food they produce is safe and they don’t always do it well.
Only when the Nebraska Department of Agriculture recently discovered that some Jeni’s Splendid Ice Creams products were contaminated with listeria did the Ohio-based company take any action. It recalled all Jeni’s products and closed all its shops as a precaution.
A company spokesman said there is no apparent connection between the Jeni’s listeria scare and the Blue Bell Creameries recall. Blue Bell, based in Texas, eventually pulled all its products from grocery store freezers across the country after the South Carolina Department of Health and Environmental Control discovered some Blue Bell desserts at a Lexington distribution center were tainted with listeria.
The bacteria may cause fever, headache, stiffness, nausea, stomach ache and diarrhea. It is particularly harmful for pregnant women, the elderly and for anyone with a compromised immune system.
Bill Marler, a Seattle attorney who litigates high-profile foodborne illness lawsuits, expects more ice cream will be recalled as state regulators ramp up testing in response to recent outbreaks.
“We, as consumers, rely on manufacturers of food to produce food that’s safe for our families to consume. They market that food as fresh and local and organic or non-GMO (genetically-modified organism) — all of that. They never talk about it from a safety perspective,” Marler said. “Consumers don’t feel that their food is at risk because they believe what’s being told to them in advertising.”
We need to “eat more defensively,” he said.
Marler said he steers clear of sprouts, undercooked meats and older cheeses. He won’t buy raw milk, raw juice or bagged greens. Instead, he opts for whole heads of lettuce that he washes himself at home.
“Mass production has great opportunities to prevent food-borne illness and get us food at cheaper rates, but if you make a mistake, it’s a disaster,” he said. “Blue Bell is a perfect example of that.”
Lauren Sausse in The Post ad Courier -280415
Listeria is a bacteria “found in soil and water and some animals, including poultry and cattle,” according to the U.S. Department of Health and Human Resources.
In humans, it may cause symptoms commonly associated with a stomach bug, including diarrhea and vomiting, but it is particularly harmful for patients with weak immune systems, the elderly and pregnant women, as it can lead to miscarriage and stillbirth.
Antibiotics are effective against the bacteria.
Listeria may be found in deli meats, soft cheeses, smoked fish, among other sources. It thrives in refrigerated environments.
For more information, visit www.foodsafety.gov.
Wednesday, April 29, 2015 08:00 IST
Intertek, a leading quality solutions provider to industries worldwide, has announced that it has received accreditation from the National Accreditation Board for Testing and Calibration Laboratories (NABL) for its food testing laboratory in Hyderabad. The laboratory has also received accreditation from the Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS).
Speaking about the accreditation, Rajesh Saigal, regional managing director, Intertek South Asia, states, “We are excited to announce the accreditation from NABL and BIS for our food testing laboratory in Hyderabad. The two accreditations are the ultimate benchmark which will provide our customers the much-needed assurance for our reliable testing and calibration services conducted at the laboratory. Intertek has already marked its presence in the northern region and with this new development, Intertek will now be able to serve its clients in the southern belt as well.”
NABL is an autonomous body under the department of science & technology, Government of India, which accredits the labs for testing of the food.
With Government of India strengthening its food safety regulations, the FBOs now need to comply with norms set for safer foods. With this new certification, Intertek will now offer its Food Testing Services to the southern part of the country.
Intertek tests food safety parameters like trace levels of pesticide residues, antibiotics, veterinary drugs and growth promoter residues, heavy metal contaminants, and other environmental contaminants which enter the food chain such as aflatoxins, plus various adulterants like Sudan dyes and microbiological parameters.
Siya Ram Tiwari, head-food services, Intertek South Asia, comments, “Our broad food testing capabilities enable our clients to effectively evaluate their spices and seafood at all stages of growth and production. We also have plans to get further approvals and recognitions for Hyderabad lab like EIC approval for serving seafood testing, NRC Approval for fruits & vegetable testing for grape sector, peanut and okra sectors, in coming days.”
Intertek’s food laboratory in Gurgaon is capable of testing various food and beverage products, including water, raw materials, ingredients and packaging materials for food safety and nutritional requirements. With the expansion of services in Hyderabad, Intertek will be able to reach out to more customers from various food sectors seeking quality testing and certification assistance in the south.