Likely to take over a month for completion
As a first step towards regulating street vendors, a global positioning system (GPS) satellite survey to enumerate them, is being carried out in the Corporation limits.
The Street Vendors (Protection of Livelihood and Regulation of Street Vending) Act, 2014 mandates conducting survey and framing guidelines to protect their rights.
A Chennai-based private company was given the responsibility of collecting details regarding the vendors.
The enumerators, with the help of area map, identify the vendors and take photographs of them.
Personal details of vendor, family details, educational qualification of family members, whether part-time of full time or season business, health aspects, and other detailed were entered in a hand-held machine that is tagged to the server.
An acknowledgement is given to the vendor also. Currently, a team of enumerators is on the job while more teams would be on field in the coming days.
Officials said that in accordance with the guidelines by the National Urban Livelihood Mission, the survey has been handed over to a specialized agency.
The Act mandates forming a Town Vending Committee that should frame guidelines for relocating vendors and also to protect their rights.
The survey would be sent to the Ministry of Housing and Urban Poverty Alleviation for framing an action plan, they added.
The survey is expected to take more than one month as vendors are spread across 60 wards in Corporation limits.
There has been no culture of wine drinking in India so Indian wine production is still in an unknown territory. The Indian consumer has begun to understand the difference between good and bad wines only now even though wine production started in India in 1980s. Most of the Indian wine is produced in Maharashtra and Karnataka and the entire wine market in India stands only at Rs. 2000crore.
Indian wines presently are being produced without standards so there is no guarantee of their quality. Since there are no standards, the grape growers do not grow grapes based on those standards and wineries produce wines as they deem fit and without standards. However, the Indian Grape Processing Board (IGPB), which has members from the private as well as the public sector, has formulated standards which it has forwarded to the Ministry of Food Processing.
Since India has joined the International Organisation of Vine and Wine (OIV) the proposed standards are probably based on the guidelines set by OIV. However, IGPB has also kept in mind the food regulations as established by FSSAI.
The standards are now being examined by the scientific committee to whom the proposals have been sent by the FSSAI. The labelling committee is also examining the proposals before they can become standards. However, wine producers are worried that the standards may not be ready before the 1st July 2015 deadline. Wine producers have to conform to the new standards before this date if they want to continue to sell their wine in India.
The wine industry produces various kinds of wine which includes dry wine, sparkling wine, sweet wine and liqueur wine and none of these has standards individually or collectively. Since each of the wines has a different production procedure, the standards will have to define this also. There are also many wines that are imported. Wine is produced with various types of ingredients like Fruits, Sugar, Yeast, Acids, salts. Standards have to be set for all these ingredients.
The standards that are to come into effect by July 1, 2015 are presently being studied by the various committees. The standards would come into force only after the FSSAI receives the reports from the various committees and then drafts a notification to place in the public domain. However, there is still a lot of work to be done as wine does not even have a proper definition yet seeing that there are various types of wines.
Besides having standards another very important point about wines is that if they are not handled properly they can deteriorate. While the wine producers can ensure compliance but the wine is out of their hands once it leaves the wineries. They have no way to see that it is being handled and stored properly to maintain the flavour and quality.
The IGPB would like that the wineries to be checked periodically and audits carried out just like in France to maintain a high quality in Indian wines. Once the Indian standards come into effect inferior quality oxidized wines and sub standard wines from overseas would no longer be permitted to be sold here. Standards are also important to ensure that consumers are drinking safe wine that has a beneficial effect on their health.
Nuts are high in phytic acid which can pose a variety of problems like inhibiting mineral absorption from other foods and causing indigestion, loose motions and an overactive gut. Apart from nuts, phytic acid is found in grains, legumes, oat flakes, coconut and corn. Soaking and roasting the nuts can reduce the levels of this acid and make them easier to digest. In almonds, most of the phytic acid is in the skin so soaking and then peeling the skin off is your best bet to avoid phytic acid.
Nuts are high in calories and fat so eating them in large quantities could throw your diet to the wind. Cashew nuts are the worst culprits in this regard.
Allergy to nuts is a specific and common problem seen all over the world. Peanut allergy is very common and people who are allergic to it should read all food labels carefully. If you are allergic to nuts, eliminate them from your diet completely.
Salted nuts are dangerous if you have high blood pressure as the excess sodium can raise the blood pressure. Always buy the unsalted variety as they are healthier and easier to digest.
Nuts contain high amounts of oxalates so for people who have a history of kidney stones should eat them once in a way only. Oxates collect in the muscles, bones and glands and are responsible for a muscle problem called fibromyalgia.
A toxic substance called aflatoxin produced by a fungus called Aspergillosis can grow on nuts. So always buy good quality nuts from reputed company.
Nuts can also contain pesticides that are usually found in their oils. Nuts are not cheap and if you buy the organic variety they may be prohibitively expensive so eat them in moderation.
Do not eat more than two servings or two handfuls of nuts on a weekly basis. Remember that you may also be consuming nuts in the form of nut butters like peanut butter, milk for e.g. almond milk and even on baked goods like breads and cookies.
Nuts like walnuts should be stored in the refrigerator, as they get rancid easily especially if stored in warm areas like near the stove.
Nuts contain trypsin inhibitors. The latter prevents proper digestion of proteins, which means the protein from nuts may not even be digested by your system. So the moral here is that eat nuts moderately. Though they have a whole lot of benefits, over eating may lead to complications.
Cultivating rice varieties that accumulate less amount of arsenic can tackle the challenge of exposure to the carcinogen that affects the population in over five Indian states, an expert said here Wednesday.
Though drinking water contamination is known to be the prime cause of arsenic exposure, toxic effects have been observed in people whose only source of the carcinogen is rice.
“India’s major problem in terms of environmental mutagens (mutating agent) is arsenic. Five states have been affected and more reports are coming in everyday.
“Very recently we have proven a link between rice containing high levels of arsenic and DNA damage and this becomes crucial since rice is a staple in India,” Asian Association of Environmental Mutagens Societies (AAEMS) president Ashok K. Giri told IANS on the sidelines of the 4th Asian Conference on Environmental Mutagens at the Indian Institute of Chemical Biology (under the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research) here.
Giri noted that residents in rural West Bengal who consumed rice contaminated with more than 200 microgram/kg of arsenic showed higher frequencies of DNA damage.
“But there should not be any panic because there are plenty of rice varieties which accumulate less arsenic so if you can cultivate those then there shouldn’t be a problem,” said Giri, also an emeritus scientist, Molecular and Human Genetics Division, of the institute.
Chronic arsenic exposure through groundwater contamination affects around 160 million people worldwide and majority of them reside in southeast Asia, particularly, Bangladesh, India, China and Taiwan.
In addition, air pollution and fluoride toxicity are other issues that need immediate attention, he said.