||Colour Index (1956)
||TartrazineSunset Yellow FCF
||Indigo CarmineBrilliant Blue FCF
||Fast Green FCF
Use of lake colours as colourant in foods
Aluminium Lake of Sunset Yellow FCF may be used in powdered dry beverages mix (powdered soft drink concentrate) upto a maximum limit of 0.04 per cent by weight. The maximum limit of colour content in final beverage for consumption shall not exceed 8.3 ppm and that of aluminium content shall not exceed 4.4 ppm of the final beverage for consumption:
Provided that the powdered dry beverages mix (powdered soft drink concentrate) label shall give clear instruction for reconstitution of product for making final beverage
(6) Use of permitted synthetic food colours prohibited – Use of permitted synthetic food colours in or upon any food other than those enumerated below is prohibited :–
(i) Ice-cream, milk lollies, frozen desserts, flavoured milk, yoghurt, ice cream mix powder;
(ii) Biscuits including biscuit wafer, pastries, cakes, confectionery, thread candies, sweets, savouries (dalmoth, mongia, phululab, sago papad, dal biji only);
(iii) Peas, strawberries and cherries in hermetically sealed containers, preserved or processed papaya, canned tomato juice, fruit syrup, fruit squash, fruit crushes, fruit cordial, jellies, jam, marmalade, candied crystallised or glazed fruits;
(iv) Non-alcoholic carbonated and non-carbonated ready-to-serve synthetic beverages including
synthetic syrups, sharbats, fruit bar, fruit beverages, fruit drinks, synthetic soft-drink concentrates;
(v) Custard powder;
(vi) Jelly crystal and ice-candy;
(vii) Flavour emulsion and flavour paste for use in carbonated or non-carbonated beverages only under label declaration as provided in Regulation 4.4.5 (35).
(7) Maximum limit of permitted synthetic food colours – The maximum limit of permitted synthetic food colours or mixture thereof which may be added to any food article enumerated in Regulation 6.1.2(6) and Appendix
A of these Regulations shall not exceed 100 parts per million of the final food or beverage for consumption, except in case of food articles mentioned in clause (c) of Regulation 6.1.2 (6) where the maximum limit of permitted synthetic food colours shall not exceed 200 parts per million of the final food or beverage for consumption.
(8) Colours to be pure – The colours specified in these regulations, when used in the preparation of any article of food shall be pure and free from any harmful impurities.
Colouring agent in food has an important role. Without colour we cannot imagine food or its item. Colour makes food and its items very attractive and appealing to taste. Natural food colours are good for health whereas use of chemically synthesised arterial colour is not very good for health and their use should be controlled fully by laws by government. Wherever there is use of artificial colour in food they should be mentioned on the container properly in labelling. Manufacturing companies and industries should strictly follow the guidelines given by food laws to ensure the safety and health of the general public.
(The author is food technologist, Centre for Emerging Technologies, Jain University, Jakkasandra, Ramanagara, Karnataka. He can be contacted at firstname.lastname@example.org)